Farms producing milk for M&S organic milk must comply with the organic standards for milk laid down by UK approved Certification Bodies listed by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).
|Liveability||Percent (%) adult cow and heifer mortality|
|Disease||Antimicrobial use by type, dose and treatment case|
|Percent (%) cows treated for mastitis|
|Injury||Percent (%) cows showing comfort indicators (swellings or abrasions)|
|Mobility||Percent (%) herd lameness (mobility score 3 or above)|
|Behaviour||Maximum herd stocking density when housed|
|Presence / absence of enrichment provision (loafing area, cow brushes)|
|Climate Change||Percent (%) total energy use from renewable source|
|Land System Change||Proportion (%) of diet in competition with human diets (non-forage based)|
|Proportion (%) of diet components from certified sustainable sources|
|Freshwater Use||Percent (%) total water use from renewable/recycled water use (non-mains)|
|Biodiversity||Percent (%) of total area not in production, set aside and managed for wildlife, or protected and condition (if known)|
|Percent (%) total land (Ha) that is protected (including SSSI, SPA, SAC, ELS/HLS, etc) and condition (if known)|
|N and P Flows||Presence / absence of soil testing programme (annually / 2 years / 5 years / none)|
|Proportion manure handled under safe management and storage|
|Chemical Pollution||Percent total waste routinely recycled|
We're committed to reporting on our use of animal welfare and environmental outcome-indicators. In 2017, we began to report on a number of key measures below:
M&S Dairy - Fresh Milk Pool1
|Mobility: Average (median) percent (%) cows with lameness (score 3) for all herds||1.8||1.8|
|Udder health: Average (median) percent (%) cows with mastitis||25||26|
|Cow comfort: Average (median) percent (%) cows with swellings and abrasions (score 3)||2.3||3.4|
|Mortality: Average (median) percent (%) cow mortality (unplanned cow deaths)||4||5|
|Mortality: Average (median) percent (%) heifer calf mortality (first year of life)||5.8||6.1|
1 All 38 farms within our M&S Fresh Milk Pool are now certified as RSPCA Assured. Median scores are reported for all measures. The increase in scores in 2016 is likely to be due to the introduction of more stringent standards criteria.
|Measures||Dairy products including milk as an ingredient and powders (UK)1|
|Percent (%) products sourced from cows that are free from tethering||100||100|
|Percent (%) dairy cows free from tail docking||100||100|
1 Dairy products (e.g. continental cheeses) sourced from the EU make up less than 5% of total supply.
We will publish our year-on-year performance against a more comprehensive set of outcome measures from 2018. We aim to use this data to shape future production standards and drive a continual improvement culture across our farm supply base.