|Eggs||We sell 100% free-range eggs, both fresh shell and as an ingredient in our prepared products. Find out more about our approach to sourcing eggs.|
|Turkeys, geese and ducks||All our fresh whole turkeys and ducks are produced to higher welfare standards including increased space and enrichment provision. All M&S geese are free range and we do not sell foie-gras or its by-products. Find out more about our approach to sourcing poultry.|
|Pork||All fresh pork comes from outdoor-bred, free-range or indoor free-farrow systems. We are currently working to remove all confinement farrowing from our ingredient and continental supply by April 2020. Find out more about our approach to sourcing pig meat.|
|Chicken||All our Oakham fresh chicken is reared in barns with increased space (stocked at 30kg/m2 where thinning is permitted or 34kg/m2 with no thinning permitted), natural daylight and provision of environmental enrichment. Find out more about our approach to sourcing poultry.|
|Dairy||All farms in our M&S Milk Pool are RSPCA Assured. All herds supplying us with fresh milk follow an enhanced health and welfare programme, which is audited by a specialist veterinary surgeon each year. Find out more about our approach to dairy.|
|Beef||None of our calves are reared for white veal, only rose veal. Find out more about our approach to sourcing beef.|
|Fish and shellfish|
We’ve developed our own standards for the sourcing of farmed fish and fish feed.
We aim to source wild-caught fish from the most responsible sources available. We recognise that we have a greater influence over animal welfare in a farmed fish environment, but we also seek to apply relevant welfare criteria in wild capture environments. Find out more about our approach to sourcing fish and shellfish.
Having established outcome measure collection for all key species within the M&S supply, we are using the data collected to set targets to drive continual improvement, in line with our Plan A commitment.
Outcome measures have been embedded into our Farming for the Future strategy and are integral to the way we do business. This year we have set outcome measure targets for 2025 in our most established supply chains - chicken, laying hens and pork. Other key species will follow.
The 2025 target set for each outcome measure is derived from the mean of the top (best performing) quartile data for 2017, across all suppliers of that species, and all production systems. Each species has one set of targets, regardless of production system. Results are shown as the percentage of flocks or groups of animals currently meeting the target.
Suppliers must show continual improvement and progression towards the 2025 targets, this is tracked by using a progress indicator which provides the figure they must achieve as a minimum each year in order to deliver the 2025 target. Tracking progress is embedded into both our internal reporting and supplier scorecards. Outcome measure performance is reviewed across all species, on a quarterly basis, by the M&S Agriculture team alongside suppliers.
Suppliers annual results will be rated Red, Amber or Green for each measure. Red indicates no improvement or worse performance, Amber indicates improvement but not reaching the level of the progress indicator, Green indicates progress indicator level delivered/exceeded. If no improvement has been seen and a measure has been scored as red suppliers will need to put comprehensive improvement plans in place to address this.
All direct suppliers of meat, poultry, dairy and fish – a total of 21 direct suppliers – are required to participate in the Agricultural Scorecard process. The process was updated this year to give a greater emphasis on measurement and performance against outcome measures.
62% of suppliers have achieved Silver or above. None of our suppliers were rated 'Provisional' status this year. An overview of supplier performance for 2017/18 is as follows:
|Global supply chain measures (fresh & ingredient including frozen)||2015/16||2016/17||20171|
|Percent (%) animals in M&S supply chain free from routine mutilations2||-||-||48|
|Percent (%) animals in M&S supply chain free from confinement||-||-||99.8|
|Percent (%) of pigs in M&S supply chain (fresh, ingredient and continental including frozen) from tail docking||-||-||42|
|Percent (%) of M&S pork supply (fresh, ingredient and continental including frozen) from sows that are non-confinement farrowed||-||-||76|
|Percent (%) of laying hens in M&S supply chain (fresh and ingredient) free from beak trimming||-||-||5.5|
|Percent (%) animals (excluding fin fish) in M&S supply chain transported within specified maximum journey times (i.e. 8 hours or less)||100||100||100|
|Percent (%) animals (including fin fish) in M&S supply chain pre-stunned prior to slaughter||100||100||100|
We will publish our year-on-year performance against a more comprehensive set of outcome measures from 2018. We aim to use this data to shape future production standards and drive a continual improvement culture across our farm supply base.